Benign Bone Cancer

Benign Bone Cancer

What is benign bone cancer?

Benign bone cancer is a rare and frightening disease. Because most types of cancer do not originate in the bones, there has been less opportunity to study this form of the disease. Bone cancer can be treated and even cured, but you must recognize the signs and act fast to take aggressive action against this deadly disorder. Bone cancer is, literally, cancer in your bones. Bone cancer is caused when the cells in your body that are responsible for making bones multiply uncontrollably. This causes tumors on or inside your bones. When the tumors or benign become large and uncontrollably, it call malignant tumors. Malignant tumors are cancer. Cells in malignant tumors are abnormal and divide without control or order. These cancer cells can invade and destroy the tissues around them. Also, cancer cells can break away from a malignant tumor and enter the bloodstream or the lymphatic system. This process is the way cancer spreads from the original (primary) tumor to form new tumors in other parts of the body. The spread of cancer is called metastasis.

Benign cancer is a term that’s not very well-accepted. We use a term benign to mean it’s not malignant and we use a term cancer to mean it is malignant. To say benign cancer implies that some folks are worried that they have some lesion or some lump or some bump or something in their body that they’re concerned about. They go to see a doctor and perhaps it’s looked at and the doctor maybe puzzled and not quite sure what it is. He’ll often, the doctor here, she may often have the patient go see a surgeon or have somebody actually the lump or bump and we’ll have it looked at. Now, a pathologist takes this tissue and looks at and the pathologist is the one to tell the doctor whether this particular lump, bump or tumor has been removed has features of malignancy or not. When it has a feature of malignancy, it’s growing rapidly and it has, it shows signs of unusual look to it that doesn’t look normal. A benign tumor will have a more normal look to it, it won’t be growing very fast, the pathologist, the person looking at under the microscope can really tell that that’s what it is. There are several benign tumors of the body that can occur. People can get cysts on their arms and their back and various places like that and they , folks often worry about that but quite often those turn out to be benign. Sometimes, we just keep an eye on them and if they’re not growing then we, then we really don’t take that any further ado, any surgery or any other particular treatment, just really observe it. There are some lesions that are more concerning, we’ll have them removed. There maybe some skin lesions that look a little bit unusual, they maybe darkly pigmented for example and we ‘ll have a dermatologist remove those but quite often they turn out not to be malignant and the patient who’s having that problem can be reassured that things are going to be alright. So, in general, benign cancers they’re out there and we do show some concern for them but in general they turn out to be quite easy to distinguish from malignant.

Types of Benign Bone Cancer

Are there different types of primary bone cancer?

The answer is YES. Benign bone cancer can begin in any type of bone tissue. Bones are made up of osteoid (hard or compact), cartilaginous (tough, flexible), and fibrous (threadlike) tissue, as well as elements of bone marrow (soft, spongy tissue in the center of most bones).

Common types of primary benign bone cancer include the following:

  • Osteosarcoma, which arises from osteoid tissue in the bone. This tumor occurs most often in the knee and upper arm.
  • Chondrosarcoma which begins in cartilaginous tissue. Cartilage pads the ends of bones and lines the joints. Chondrosarcoma occurs most often in the pelvis (located between the hip bones), upper leg, and shoulder. Sometimes a chondrosarcoma contains cancerous bone cells. In that case, doctors classify the tumor as an osteosarcoma.
  • The Ewing Sarcoma Family of Tumors (ESFTs), which usually occur in bone but may also arise in soft tissue (muscle, fat, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, or other supporting tissue). Scientists think that ESFTs arise from elements of primitive nerve tissue in the bone or soft tissue. ESFTs occur most commonly along the backbone and pelvis and in the legs and arms.Other types of cancer that arise in soft tissue are called soft tissue sarcomas. They are not bone cancer and are not described in this resource.
Causes of Benign Bone Cancer

What are the possible causes of bone cancer?

Although benign bone cancer does not have a clearly defined cause, researchers have identified several factors that increase the likelihood of developing these tumors. Osteosarcoma occurs more frequently in people who have had high-dose external radiation therapy or treatment with certain anticancer drugs; children seem to be particularly susceptible. A small number of bone cancers are due to heredity. For example, children who have had hereditary retinoblastoma (an uncommon cancer of the eye) are at a higher risk of developing osteosarcoma, particularly if they are treated with radiation. Additionally, people who have hereditary defects of bones and people with metal implants, which doctors sometimes use to repair fractures, are more likely to develop osteosarcoma. Ewing sarcoma is not strongly associated with any heredity cancer syndromes, congenital childhood diseases, or previous radiation exposure.

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Symptoms of Benign Bone Cancer

What are the symptoms of benign bone cancer?

Pain is the most common symptom of benign bone cancer, but not all benign bone cancers cause pain. Persistent or unusual pain or swelling in or near a bone can be caused by cancer or by other conditions. It is important to see a doctor to determine the cause.

Diagnose of Benign Bone Cancer

How is benign bone cancer diagnosed?

To help diagnose benign bone cancer, the doctor asks about the patient’s personal and family medical history. The doctor also performs a physical examination and may order laboratory and other diagnostic tests. These tests may include the following:

  • X-rays, which can show the location, size, and shape of a benign bone tumor. If x-rays suggest that an abnormal area may be cancer, the doctor is likely to recommend special imaging tests. Even if x-rays suggest that an abnormal area is benign, the doctor may want to do further tests, especially if the patient is experiencing unusual or persistent pain.
  • A bone scan, which is a test in which a small amount of radioactive material is injected into a blood vessel and travels through the bloodstream; it then collects in the bones and is detected by a scanner.
  • A computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan, which is a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles, that are created by a computer linked to an x-ray machine.
  • A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure, which uses a powerful magnet linked to a computer to create detailed pictures of areas inside the body without using x-rays.
  • A positron emission tomography (PET) scan, in which a small amount of radioactive glucose (sugar) is injected into a vein, and a scanner is used to make detailed, computerized pictures of areas inside the body where the glucose is used. Because cancer cells often use more glucose than normal cells, the pictures can be used to find cancer cells in the body.
  • An angiogram, which is an x-ray of blood vessels.
  • Biopsy (removal of a tissue sample from the bone tumor) to determine whether cancer is present. The surgeon may perform a needle biopsy or an incisional biopsy. During a needle biopsy, the surgeon makes a small hole in the bone and removes a sample of tissue from the tumor with a needle-like instrument. In an incisional biopsy, the surgeon cuts into the tumor and removes a sample of tissue. Biopsies are best done by an orthopedic oncologist (a doctor experienced in the treatment of bone cancer). A pathologist (a doctor who identifies disease by studying cells and tissues under a microscope) examines the tissue to determine whether it is cancerous.
  • Blood tests to determine the level of an enzyme called alkaline phosphatase. A large amount of this enzyme is present in the blood when the cells that form bone tissue are very active—when children are growing, when a broken bone is mending, or when a disease or tumor causes production of abnormal bone tissue. Because high levels of alkaline phosphatase are normal in growing children and adolescents, this test is not a completely reliable indicator of benign bone cancer.
Benign Bone Cancer Acupuncture And Herbal Herbs Medicine Treatment in Kuala Lumpur by Malaysia Chinese Master

Benign bone cancer can be cure by Chinese Herbal Medicine and acupuncture treatment?

Chinese herbal medicine Treatment varies according to the symptoms, the predominance of ‘heat’, ‘cold’, and other pathogens, and the strength of a patient’s qi. An individual’s prescription will vary according to the differentiated patterns of ‘wind-cold’.

Individual Chinese herbs that expel exterior ‘wind-heat’ or wind-cold’ are combined with specific herbs that treat symptomatic conditions and, if necessary, increase the body’s resistance so that the pathogens can be eliminated more rapidly. For example, detoxifying herbs such as Jin Yin Hua (Lonicera) and Lian Qiao (Forsythia) are used to treat ‘wind-heat’, and Gui Zhi (cinnamon Twig) and Sheng Jiang (fresh ginger) are used to treat ‘wind-cold’. These herbs may be found in traditional formulas combined with other herbs that are then individualized to specific conditions.

The Chinese herbal formula is consumed as a drink, three times a day. KL Kuala Lumpur Chinese Master indicates that the ingredients are a “family heritage” which was inherited from his father and later refined by him.

The Way of Chinese Medicine may be performed via acupuncture, chinese herbal medicine and qi gong.

Acupuncture is a Medicine technique that uses fine needles to puncture at the point of the body, known as ‘acupuncture points’. It is used to influence the physiological functioning of the body. According to some people, acupuncture is a best technique to treat and to prevent diseases. This is because acupuncture is the oldest healing system in the world. Acupuncture is originating from China since 5000 years ago. It becomes popular in the whole world in the last three decades including in Kuala Lumpur (KL), Malaysia.

According to the Master of the Malaysian Chinese medicine, through acupuncture and Chinese herbs can not be 100 percent healed benign bone cancer but the disease can slow growth and reduce the pain experienced by patients. The use of Chinese herbs and acupuncture can prevent cancer cells spread rapidly. So act now to meet with the Chinese Master before the disease exacerbated. Chinese Master always said, “Where there’s a will there is a way.” Prevention is better than cure.

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